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Types Of Embroidery & Types Of Fabrics Worn In India

by Shaan Malhotra 04 Jul 2024

India's rich textile heritage is a vibrant tapestry woven with various types of embroidery and fabrics that have been cherished for centuries. Each region of India has its unique styles, which contribute to the diverse and colorful landscape of Indian fashion. Whether you're looking to buy designer sarees online, explore unstitched suit fabric online, or buy printed silk sarees online in India, understanding the different types of embroidery and fabrics can help you make informed and stylish choices. Let's delve into the fascinating world of Indian textiles.

1. Intricate Embroidery Techniques

Indian embroidery is known for its intricate designs and detailed craftsmanship. Here are some popular types of embroidery that have stood the test of time.

Zardozi Embroidery

  • Origin: Mughal era
  • Materials: Gold and silver threads
  • Usage: Bridal wear, heavy sarees, and lehengas
  • Designs: Floral motifs, elaborate patterns

Phulkari Embroidery

  • Origin: Punjab
  • Materials: Silk threads on cotton or khaddar fabric
  • Usage: Dupattas, shawls, and kurtis
  • Designs: Geometric patterns, colorful floral motifs

Kantha Embroidery

  • Origin: West Bengal and Odisha
  • Materials: Simple running stitches on cotton and silk
  • Usage: Quilts, sarees, and dupattas
  • Designs: Narrative motifs, animals, and nature-inspired designs

Chikankari Embroidery

  • Origin: Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
  • Materials: White thread on muslin, cotton, or silk
  • Usage: Sarees, kurtas, and dupattas
  • Designs: Floral patterns, shadow work, intricate motifs

Mirror Work (Shisha)

  • Origin: Gujarat and Rajasthan
  • Materials: Mirrors with colorful threads
  • Usage: Traditional outfits, wall hangings, and accessories
  • Designs: Reflective designs, geometric shapes

2. Popular Fabrics Worn in India

The choice of fabric plays a crucial role in the comfort and elegance of Indian attire. Here are some popular fabrics that are integral to Indian fashion.


  • Attributes: Breathable, soft, and comfortable
  • Usage: Everyday wear, casual sarees, and unstitched suit fabric online
  • Benefits: Ideal for hot climates, easy to maintain



  • Attributes: Lightweight, absorbent, and cool
  • Usage: Summer sarees, kurtas, and casual wear
  • Benefits: Keeps you cool, elegant appearance


  • Attributes: Sheer, lightweight, and flowy
  • Usage: Party wear, evening gowns, and designer sarees
  • Benefits: Drapes well, versatile for various occasions


  • Attributes: Soft, transparent, and elegant
  • Usage: Festive wear, party sarees, and designer dresses
  • Benefits: Adds a delicate touch, comfortable for long hours


  • Attributes: Handspun, eco-friendly, and breathable
  • Usage: Traditional wear, casual outfits, and unstitched suit fabric online
  • Benefits: Supports sustainable fashion, keeps you cool

3. Traditional Embroidery Paired with Modern Fabrics

Combining traditional embroidery with modern fabrics results in stunning outfits that celebrate the best of both worlds.

Chikankari on Georgette

  • Elegance: Soft and flowy with intricate embroidery
  • Usage: Designer sarees, kurtas, and festive wear
  • Benefits: Lightweight elegance, perfect for special occasions

Zardozi on Silk

  • Opulence: Rich silk fabric adorned with metallic embroidery
  • Usage: Bridal wear, party sarees, and lehengas
  • Benefits: Luxurious look, perfect for weddings

Phulkari on Cotton

  • Vibrancy: Bright and colorful embroidery on breathable cotton
  • Usage: Everyday wear, casual sarees, and dupattas
  • Benefits: Comfortable, perfect for summer

4. Versatility of Unstitched Suit Fabrics

Unstitched suit fabrics offer versatility and customization, allowing you to create outfits that perfectly fit your style and body.


  • Fit: Tailor the suit to your exact measurements
  • Design: Choose your preferred neckline, sleeve length, and embellishments
  • Flexibility: Mix and match fabrics and embroidery to create unique outfits


  • Materials: Available in cotton, silk, georgette, and more
  • Designs: Access to a wide range of prints, patterns, and embroidery styles
  • Occasions: Suitable for casual wear, office wear, and special occasions

5. The Rise of Online Shopping for Indian Textiles

The convenience of online shopping has made it easier to access a diverse range of Indian textiles from anywhere in the world.


  • Accessibility: Shop for designer sarees, unstitched suit fabric online, and printed silk sarees from the comfort of your home
  • Variety: Explore a wide range of options without visiting multiple stores
  • Ease: Simple and secure payment methods, doorstep delivery


  • Exclusive Designs: Find unique and trendy designs online
  • User Reviews: Read reviews and ratings to make informed decisions
  • Deals and Discounts: Take advantage of online offers and discounts

6. Sustainability in Indian Textiles

Sustainable fashion is gaining popularity in India, with a focus on eco-friendly fabrics and traditional craftsmanship.

Eco-Friendly Fabrics

  • Khadi: Handspun and handwoven, supports local artisans
  • Organic Cotton: Grown without harmful chemicals, better for the environment
  • Recycled Fabrics: Made from recycled materials, reducing waste

Traditional Craftsmanship

  • Support for Artisans: Purchasing traditional fabrics and embroidered items supports local artisans and preserves cultural heritage
  • Sustainable Practices: Traditional methods often use less energy and resources compared to modern manufacturing

Understanding the diverse types of embroidery and fabrics in India enhances your appreciation for the rich cultural heritage and craftsmanship involved in Indian fashion. Whether you prefer the luxurious feel of silk, the breathable comfort of cotton, or the intricate beauty of traditional embroidery, there is something for everyone.

At Panna Shop, we take pride in offering a curated collection of exquisite textiles that reflect the best of Indian craftsmanship. From designer sarees to unstitched suit fabric online, and printed silk sarees, our range is designed to cater to your fashion needs. Embrace the elegance and tradition of Indian textiles with Panna Sarees, and let us help you elevate your wardrobe with timeless and trendy pieces.

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